Photography is an art, and art doesn’t run upon a specific set of rules unlike science, but even art needs various guidelines. Everyone has their own reasons to learn photography. Even if you are not choosing photography as your profession, you still have a lot of reasons to have basic knowledge of photography, so that you can exhibit your skills on many ocassions like trips, parties, wedding functions, etc. it’s an undeniable truth that we all like to click. No, the article won’t help you click good phone selfies, but will surely help you click some well-balanced pictures using a digital camera.


Know How To Use Light

Photography is “writing with light”. How proficiently you use available light to click a photograph shows how good you’re with the camera. As a photographer, you must know what kind of light would do best in a picture, and how to achieve it because light is undoubtedly the most essential aspect of photography. It also includes choosing the right time for a shoot because intensity of light is different during different hours of the day. You can control exposure in an image by understanding “Three pillars of photography- Shutter speed, aperture and ISO”. To be able to use camera capably, you must know how it works – how it uses light to produce pictures.




Composition, in photography, refers to how you arrange various elements in a frame in an interesting and intriguing manner. It is very important for you to lend your perspective to the camera, and let it click what you see. Many a times you find something very fascinating but when you capture it, it somehow doesn’t look that impressive. It happens mainly because the elements don’t fall into right places within the frame. One major rule of composition is “Rule of Thirds”. The rule divides a frame into nine equal segments with two horizontal and two vertical parallel lines. The rule suggests that the most important element should be placed on one of the four intersection points because due to some magical reasons, people’s eyes seem to be more drawn towards these four points. Nevertheless, as photography is an art, the rules are not to be taken as commandments, but mere guidelines.



Interesting Angles

Angle, in photography, refers to the location where the camera is placed in respect with the position of the subject for taking a shot. Beside lighting and composition, angles matter a great deal in a picture. Angles play with human psyche – angles create illusions. Different angles can be effectively used to make the object/subject appear broader or thinner; taller or shorter than the actual in a photograph. Amazing results can be attained by dramatizing a picture by experimenting with the angles in photography.





Be it art or life, experiments help you become exceptional. Doing what everybody else is doing is going to lead you towards mediocrity. There are numerous manners in which you can experiment with an image. You can experiment by clicking the same object(s) in different lighting conditions, from different angles, and in different arrangements. Rules of photography are advisable in most scenarios, but the art of photography is flexible, and there is always a room for unique perspectives. Sometimes, following the rules doesn’t result in what experimenting does. Experimenting coupled with creativity, indeed, can result in some striking photographs.



Go for Auto Mode

Using Auto Mode isn’t something you should be doing to click the best possible pictures. But, if you’re still an amateur, the word of advice is to click pictures in Auto Mode unless you’ve all the time in the world to experiment with Shutter speed, Aperture, ISO, White Balance etc. It takes time and experience for one to fully understand how to make your camera sensor gain the perfect exposure, and with Auto Mode you can achieve good exposure, if not perfect. Furthermore, Manual Mode requires changing exposure settings every now & then. You can save yourself the trouble and time by sticking to Auto Mode. But, after gaining some experience, switch to Manual Mode and stay there.



Avoid over editing

Great photographers “click” good photos and amateurs “make” good photos. If you want to be a good photographer, give your best while capturing images instead of leaving too much for post-processing. Though it isn’t an immortal sin to edit photos post production but the better approach is to click a “good” picture and then eliminating its flaws during post-processing. Some basic post-processing tools include cropping, contrast and brightness adjustment, colour temperature adjustment, etc.



Take out your camera and start experimenting keeping in mind the tips above! Good luck!

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